Topographie des Terrors
The "Topographie des Terrors" is the area in Berlin that was once the headquarters of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) led by Heinrich Muller and the Schutzstaffel ("Protective Squad" or SS) led by Heinrich Himmler. It was in this area where plans were made for the genocide of European Jews. After the end of World War II the buildings were demolished, leaving only the remains of the cellars which had once been torture chambers.
The Nazi Party, under Adolf Hitler, rose to power in Germany in 1933 pledging to end the economic turmoil which was disrupting the country and overturn the injustices placed on Germany as a result of the Versailles settlement of 28th June, 1919. Hitler launched a massive program of state spending, focusing on re-armament, which virtually eliminated unemployment.
However, Hitler, who had a deep hatred of Jews and Communists also set out to imprison and murder those who were considered undesirable under Nazi ideology. Hitler's "final solution" didn't just include the cleansing of Jews and Communists but also priests, gypsies, the mentally ill and homosexuals. German troops rounded up the Jews and transported them to concentration and extermination camps where they were killed. Millions were murdered in Hilters 12 year reign.