Old Town Wall
Known as the Stadmauer the old town wall was
erect in the 13th century. Built from stone and brick it
had once surrounded Berlin and Colln. Berlin and
Colln were originally 13th century settlements on
opposite banks of the Spree River. Colln was the
first recorded settlement on what is now the
Nickolaiviertel, on Museum Island. The two settlements
later formed an alliance and became Berlin-Colln.
By the 17th century the Stadmauer, having no strategic use, was
slowly dismantled.There are only a few small sections of the
wall surviving today.