The Schloss Charlottenburg or Charlottenburg
Castle was designed by Johann Arnold Nering as a summer
retreat for Sophie Charlotte (Elector Friedrich III's
wife) and is the largest palace in Berlin. Construction of
the palace began in 1695 and was completed in 1699. It is
an example of baroque architecture.
Extentions to the palace continued throughout the 1700's after
Frederick III became the first Prussian King (Friedrich I).
Friedrich I brought in the Swedish architect
Johann Eosander von Gothe to complete the expansions to
include the extension of the main building (1701),
the Great Orangery constructed on the west wing and
a domed tower added to the main building.
Other additions included the eastern wing constructed by
Frederick the Great (1740-46) and the Palace Theatre added to
the orangery wing (1787-91).
The palace was originally named Schloss Lietzenburg but was
renamed Schloss Charlottenburg after the death of Queen Sophie
Charlotte in 1705.
The palace was severely damaged in 1943 by allied bombing
during World War II. Reconstruction of the palace began during
The Neuer Pavillion is located on the Schloss
Charlottenberg grounds. The Neo-Classical pavilion was designed
and built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel for Friedrich Wilhelm III
and his second wife Princess Auguste von Liegnitz in 1825.
The Schlosspark is a royal park surrounding the
Schloss Charlottenburg (Royal Palace). The park was
reconstructed after World War II using 18th century prints
as a guide to the original layout.
The mausoleum in the Schloss-park was designed
by Christian Daniel Rauch. The mausoleum was originally
the resting place of Queen Luise, the wife of Friedrich
Wilhelm III. Following the death of Friedrich, Queen
Luise's tomb was moved to make room for her husband's
tomb. Friedrich's second wife was also placed in the
mausoleum (without a tombstone). In the 1890's the tombs
of Kaiser Wilhelm I and his wife Auguste von
Sachsen-Weimar were also added to the crypt.